Thyroid Cancer Treatment at Sheba Medical Center
The thyroid is a gland found in the neck. It produces hormones that control a number of body processes, from the use of calcium to general metabolism regulation. Although the thyroid is often subject to benign enlargement or harmless calcifications, there are about 50,000 cases of thyroid cancer in the United States each year. While there are several types of thyroid cancer, papillary carcinoma and follicular carcinoma make up 90% of all diagnoses together.
There are several risk factors that increase the likelihood of developing thyroid cancer.
Unfortunately, most of these are uncontrollable. They include:
Women develop thyroid cancer at about three times the rate of men.
Thyroid cancer is rare in individuals under 40.
Having a relative with thyroid cancer increase’s one own risk.
Certain diseases, such as Cowden’s disease and type 1 Carney complex, raise the risk of thyroid cancer.
Additionally, exposure to radiation and a diet that is low in iodine also contribute to a risk of developing thyroid cancer. This is why table salt is often iodinated in the United States.
Some signs and symptoms of thyroid cancer include:
- A lump or swelling in the front of the neck
- Pain in the front of the neck
- Vocal changes that do not resolve
- Prolonged cough
- Difficulty swallowing
- Difficulty breathing
Diagnosis of thyroid cancer is achieved through a combination of physical examination, imaging, and pathology. A thyroid ultrasound is usually one of the first steps, followed by a thyroid biopsy. A pathologist will normally be able to tell if thyroid cancer is present and its type based on the biopsy results.
Thyroid Cancer Treatment
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