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Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) Treatment

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) Treatment

ALL is a form of blood and bone marrow malignancy. Unfortunately, ALL tends to be aggressive and is sometimes seen in children. However, there is hope. Sheba Medical Cancer Center provides tailor-made medicine for our patients with state-of-the-art facilities, including our Bone Marrow Transplant Clinic and advanced therapy options. We also have a host of world-class experts who have studied and practiced at top cancer centers around the world to offer advanced acute lymphoblastic leukemia treatment for children and adults.

patient and doctor

Risk Factors

The exact cause is undetermined in the majority of ALL cases. Although research is making progress, we do not yet know the reasons why some people develop ALL while others do not. However, some risk factors have been identified. These include:

  • Radiation exposure
  • Family history of ALL
  • Down syndrome
  • Having undergone chemotherapy in the past


ALL is broadly classified by which types of lymphocytes are affected. B-cell ALL affects B lymphocytes, cells that are produced and mature in the bone marrow. B lymphocytes serve an immune role in antibody production. T-cell ALL affects T lymphocytes. While T lymphocytes are also produced in the bone marrow, these cells mature in the thymus, an organ of the lymphatic system. T lymphocytes are largely responsible for cell-mediated immunity. B-cell ALL makes up about 85% of all ALL cases, while T-cell ALL represents about 15%.

ALL is characterized by abnormal lymphocytes which cannot function properly. Moreover, these lymphocytes take space and resources away from other blood cells, such as red blood cells and platelets, leading to symptoms.


Signs and symptoms of ALL include:

  • Headaches
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Swollen and/or painful liver and spleen
  • Flu-like symptoms, fevers, sweats, chills

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Treatment in Israel

A precise diagnosis of the exact ALL type is crucial for effective treatment. Sheba Medical Cancer Center is proud to have many high tech diagnostic techniques available, along with expert, experienced staff, for accurate diagnoses. Some of these techniques include bone marrow biopsies, FISH, and quantitative PCR.

The primary treatment for ALL is typically chemotherapy. At Sheba Medical Cancer Center, we use the latest approved chemotherapy drugs, administered under strict safety guidelines. For ALL cases that can be brought into remission, stem cell treatments may also be used. Our cutting edge Bone Marrow Clinic handles stem cell therapy for our patients, with hundred of treatments performed each year. The stem cells used are donated from family members or unrelated individuals. The cells are harvested from peripheral blood, cord blood, or bone marrow.

There are also other acute lymphoblastic leukemia treatment options available at Sheba including radiation therapy, which may be used in conjunction with chemotherapy. Immunotherapy for ALL is another possibility, and we are conducting continuing research into this treatment approach.

Whatever treatment options are used, our patients always receive complete care from a multidisciplinary team of oncologists, hematologists, radiation oncologists, nursing, and support staff. Our teams are in constant communication and collaboration with their clinician and research colleagues in order to present our patients with the best possible treatments.

Our Staff

Dr. Jonathan Canaanite
Dr. Jonathan Canaanite is the manager of the leukemia unit. Originally from the United States, Dr. Canaanite completed medical school at the University of Tel Aviv. His particular area of expertise is the management and treatment of acute leukemia.

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Sheba Medical Center provides innovative, personalized medical care to patients from around the world. We are the largest, most comprehensive hospital in the Middle East and dedicated to providing advanced and compassionate medicine for everyone.

We welcome all cases, including the rarest and the most challenging. Our medical teams collaborate to provide the best possible health outcomes. From your initial inquiry through the long-term follow-up care, we are here for you.

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