Can multiple myeloma be treated without chemotherapy?
Yes, multiple myeloma can be treated without chemotherapy, especially in cases where the disease is slow-growing and does not cause symptoms. Treatment options have expanded with the advent of novel therapies. Besides traditional chemotherapy, patients might be treated with targeted therapies, immunomodulatory agents, proteasome inhibitors, monoclonal antibodies, and more. Bone-modifying drugs can be employed to strengthen bones and reduce the risk of fractures. Bone marrow transplantation is another option for eligible patients. Treatment choices depend on the stage of the disease, the patient’s age and overall health as well as any potential side effects. Regular monitoring is crucial, even if immediate treatment isn’t initiated.