Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS)
Diagnosing Myelodysplastic Syndromes
A comprehensive clinical examination, detailed patient history, and specialized testing are all used to diagnose MDS. In the Hemato-Oncology Division at Sheba Medical Center, we evaluate each patient’s case thoroughly to figure out which test procedures to perform. Some of the diagnostic tests that you may need include:
Most people with MDS do not have enough red blood cells, and they may also have an insufficient quantity of white blood cells or platelets. Other blood tests may also be performed to inspect for alternative causes of low blood cell counts, such as low amounts of folate and vitamin B12.
Bone marrow biopsy and aspiration:
This procedure involves using a thin, hollow needle to extract a bit of bone marrow, generally from the hip bone. The samples are then analyzed in a laboratory to assess how many immature cells (called blasts) are in the bone marrow. This testing can help to differentiate the types of MDS from one another and from other conditions. Other laboratory tests may also be performed, such as chromosome analysis, which checks for particular gene changes that indicate the type of MDS.