Diagnosing Multiple Myeloma
Initially, your doctor may suspect that you have multiple myeloma based entirely on your signs and symptoms, or the disease may be detected accidentally by blood tests that are ordered for another condition.
Our Sheba pathologists and clinicians are experienced and qualified in diagnosing multiple myeloma. We will use our state-of-the-art facilities and technologies to evaluate all of your test results to confirm a diagnosis. We may administer the following tests and procedures:
Laboratory analysis checks for specific proteins that are produced by myeloma cells. Blood testing is also used to assess blood cell counts, kidney function, calcium levels, and uric acid levels
An inspection of your urine may show the presence of particular proteins that are characteristic of myeloma.
Bone marrow tests
A bone marrow biopsy and aspiration may be performed in order to examine your bone marrow for myeloma cells. Specialized tests, such as fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) may also be performed to generate a detailed analysis of the myeloma cells.
Imaging procedures, such as X-rays, MRI, CT or PET scans may be recommended to detect bone problems typically associated with multiple myeloma.