Diagnosing

Medulloblastoma


Diagnosing Medulloblastoma

If our doctors think that your child may have medulloblastoma, we will perform a variety of different tests and procedures to determine the type and location of the tumor. Our Sheba specialists have extensive experience and use the latest technologies to diagnose each individual child as quickly and efficiently as possible. The diagnostic tests that we may order include:

 

Physical exam and case history

We will examine the body thoroughly to check general signs of health. A history of the child’s medical condition will also be taken.

 

Neurological exam

Our physician will administer a series of questions and tests to check the brain, spinal cord, and nerve function. A neurological examination checks coordination, mental status, and the child’s ability to walk normally, evaluating the function of the muscles, senses, and reflexes.

 

MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)

This imaging procedure generates detailed pictures of areas inside the brain and spinal cord.

 

Lumbar puncture

Also called a spinal tap, this procedure collects cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from the spinal column. The CSF sample is then analyzed under a microscope for signs of tumor cells.

 

Biopsy

For brain tumors, a biopsy is performed by removing part of the skull and using a computer-guided needle to extract a tiny amount of tissue. A pathologist will inspect this tissue under a microscope to look for cancer cells.

 

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