Diagnosing Hodgkin Lymphoma
Precise diagnosis of your lymphoma subtype is essential for designing the most helpful course of treatment. Our hemato-oncologists will evaluate your case thoroughly to figure out which specialized testing is needed to make an accurate, detailed diagnosis. At Sheba, our specialists have extensive experience and state-of-the-art technologies to diagnose leukemia quickly and precisely.
The diagnostic procedures that we may perform include:
A biopsy is the gold standard for detecting Hodgkin lymphoma. If you have an enlarged lymph node, your doctor will use local anesthesia to numb the area around the node to remove it or extract a small bit of tissue in order to inspect for cancer cells. If a biopsy detects malignant B cells that indicate Hodgkin lymphoma, we may order additional tests in order to accurately stage the disease, including:
Specific blood tests provide information about the amounts of different types of cells and chemicals in your blood. Blood testing may include genetic and molecular analysis to “profile” the tumor, flow cytometry to assess specific characteristics of the cancer cells, and FISH (fluorescence in-situ hybridization) to detect particular chromosomal abnormalities.
We may use CT scans to look for swollen lymph nodes or inflammation in other body parts. For Hodgkin lymphoma in adults, it is usual to perform CT scans of the neck, chest, abdomen, and pelvis.
MRIs enable our physicians to check the brain and spinal cord for any signs that Hodgkin lymphoma has spread to these regions.
A PET scan can be used to locate tumor cells. It is helpful for accurately seeing where Hodgkin lymphoma has spread throughout the body.
Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy
When Hodgkin lymphoma has been diagnosed, a bone marrow aspiration and biopsy may be performed to determine whether the diseased cells have reached the bone marrow.